Influencing of Principal Related Factors on Integration of Information Communication Technology in the Management of Secondary Schools in Borama District, Somaliland
The study investigated the influencing of principal related factors on the integration of ICT in the management of the secondary school in Borama district. ICT has not been fully integrated into school management in the developing world and several factors have been suggested as preventing the integration. ICT use in education in secondary schools in Borama district has focused mainly on learning rather than on management. Only 20% of the schools have at least a computer and only 20% of the schools use the computer for keeping student records. The study was a cross-sectional survey of random of 148 teachers in 15 secondary schools in Borama town. ICT integration was measured for utility, computability, and flexibility. Principal related factors were measured for leadership in ICT, training in ICT and education level in ICT. There was a significant regression of ICT integration on principal related factors, F (2, 11) = 12.838, p = .036. Good principal related factors are significant in the model, t (13) = 2.365, p = .022. But poor principal related factors are not, t (13) = 0.623, p = .536. The prediction model, INT¹ = 66.310 + 11.519PRF3 + ɛ, is 30.8% fit, R² adj. = .308, p = .036. Therefore, principal related factors have significant influence on ICT integration in secondary school management in Borama district. Principals should be taken through refresher courses to build their leadership, ICT skills, and overall education level.