Lifestyle and Status of Peptic Ulcer among Peptic Ulcer Patients in Borama District, Somaliland
This study investigated the lifestyle and status of peptic ulcer among peptic ulcer patients in Borama district. Lifestyle is the behavioral orientations of an individual or a group. A peptic ulcer is a painful sore in the lining of the stomach, the first part of the small intestine. The problem of this study was the increasing status of peptic ulcer among peptic ulcer patients in Borama district. In Borama district, peptic ulcer related deaths increased by 47.28% between 2015-2018; an increase of 11.82% per year. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey research design, on a random sample of 204 peptic ulcer patients in hospitals in Borama district. The study found that lifestyle factors [χ2 (2, N = 204) = 18.578, p = .018); and the status of the peptic ulcer [χ2 (2, N = 204) = 58.353, p = .000] are significantly different among peptic ulcer patients in Borama district. Status of peptic ulcer also significantly dependent on lifestyle of peptic ulcer patients in Borama district, χ2 (1, N = 204) = 22.441, p = .000. The study concludes that the status of peptic ulcers is dependent on lifestyle, and smoking, diet and weight influence the status of peptic ulcers. The study recommends that the Ministry Health Development of Somaliland should mounts and promote aggressive health education and awareness campaigns on lifestyle modification at grassroots to help reduce the development of peptic ulcer related complications.